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    北京赛车pk10骗局曝光:2018湖南教师考试英语备考——困扰你很多年的主谓一致

    2018-11-16 14:48:49| 来源:湖南中公教育

    北京赛车pk10辅助软件 www.iixn.net 朋友们,你们数得清主谓一致的规则吗?相信有些同学从小学学英语那时起就接触到了这个语法点,但是一直到大学毕业,似乎还是会在这个最简单的知识点上摔跤。

    那我们今天就来盘点下主谓一致到底有哪些规则吧,希望今天读完这篇文章,你再也不会被“主谓一致”坑到啦!

    Rule No.1~

    就近一致原则:谓语动词的人称和数与离他最近的主语保持一致,有以下情况

    1).there be句型中,例如:There is a boy and 2 girls over there.

    2).当你见到这六个结构去连接两个主语or, either ... or, neither ... nor, whether ... or...,

    例如:Not me but you are the new manager.

    Neither he nor his parents know the address of the restaurant.

    Rule No.2~

    就远一致原则:

    1).如果你见到句子主语为单数名词或代词,后面跟有with, along with, together with, combined with, but, except, besides, in addition to, as well as, as much as, like, including, more than, rather than, no less than等,谓语动词单复数要根据句子的主语来定,请把以上这些词引导的短语都看作浮云吧

    例如:The teacher, with all his students, is going to have a trip this weekend.

    No one except the twins knows anything about this.

    You rather than I are going to camping.

    Rule No.3~

    集体名词作为整体看,谓语动词用单数,强调个体时用复数,例如:The whole family are watching TV.

    Rule No.4~

    小心单复数同行的单词哦,比如sheep,fish等,看句意才能知道此处的意思,例如:Some sheep are over there.

    Rule No.5~

    由不定代词each或every等修饰的名词以and或逗号连接成多个主语,例如:Each girl and each boy has a new toy.

    Rule No.6~

    主语当中有more than one或者many a,谓语动词用单数;但如果是more+复数名词+than one那就要用谓语动词复数啦,例如:Many a girl has been there.

    Rule No.7~

    还有一些表示衣物和工具的词做主语时,谓语动词用复数,例如glasses,clothes,chopsticks等

    Rule No.8~

    1).分数或百分数+名词,a lot of, plenty of, a large quantity of+名词,谓语动词与of后名词的数保持一致,例如:Lots of damage was caused by fire.

    2).a number of +名词复数,quantities of+可数/不可数,后面谓语都用复数,例如:A number of kids have gone home.

    3).a great deal of,a large amount of+不可数名词,谓语动词用单数;large amounts of+不可数名词,谓语动词用复数,例如:A great deal of damage was done in a very short time.

    Rule No.9~

    The+形容词作主语时,谓语通常用复数,例如:The poor live in a cold room.

    Rule No.10~

    遇到what引导的主语从句,谓语动词通常用单数,例如:What we need are doctors.

    Rule No.11~

    1).名词前有such,that,a修饰时,谓语用单数

    2).名词词组中心词是all,most,half等,看其意义决定谓语的单复数,例如:All of the water is gone.

    3).名词前有any/none/neither of, 动词可以是单复数,单数更常用,例如:None of them has(have) seen the film.

    好啦,以上就是主谓一致的常用规则总结啦,有一些可以灵活记忆还有不少需要大家勤背,配上例句更好记噢!

    中公教育研究与辅导专家 刘婧雅

     

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